How to Become a Data Scientist in India [Beginner Guide]

How to become a data scientist in India is the question that strikes every technical guy who wants to come into this field. Data scientist is a new profession in India that is in huge demand. You need a thorough knowledge about this career option to enter into this field. In this article, I will explain the detailed career path on How to become a data scientist in India.

What is Data Science?

Data science is a field where data plays an important role as the name suggests. Data Science is a combination of various tools, algorithms, and machine learning principles that are used to analyze the raw data and discover some of the patterns from them that is beneficial for various organization or industry. By using these data patterns companies make their strategies to reach out to their targeted audience.

What is Data Scientist?

A data scientist is a person who collects the raw data analyzes that raw data and processes the data and then visualize the processed data with the help of data visualization.

How to Become a Data Scientist in India?

If you are interested to become a data scientist in India then there are some steps you have to follow. These steps are given below. You have to follow the steps to become a successful data scientist in India.

So let's know how to become a data scientist in India step by step guide.

  • Step 1 - Required Educational Qualification
  • Step 2 - Learn Mathematics and Statistics
  • Step 3 - Learn Programming
  • Step 4 - Learn Machine Learning and Deep Learning
  • Step 5 - Learn Big Data and External Visualisation Tools
  • Step 6 - Books and Resources for Data Science
  • Step 7 - Additional Skills and Personal Tips

Step 1 - Educational Qualification For Data Scientist

For any kind of profession, there are some required educational qualifications a candidate must have. To become a data scientist there is a certain educational qualification you must have. There are multiple educational fields from which you can enter into the data science field. These educational fields are given below.

  • Bachelor's Degree in IT or Computer Science, Mathematics or related Field
  • Master's Degree in data or Related fields
  • B.Sc in Mathematics or Statistics
  • Ph.D. in degree in the data-related field
These are the educational background from which you can dive into a data scientist career. But if you ask me which education is best for Data science then I would like to give you some figures. According to a report, 56% of professionals who are working in this field hold a master's degree. Rest 26% hold a Ph.D. degree, 12% hold a Bachelor's degree and 4% are from other backgrounds. I recommend you to do a bachelor's degree if you want to become a Data Scientist in India as it is easy compared to a Master's or Ph.D. degree. This step becomes more crucial if you are searching for how to become a data scientist in India.

Do you a Passout Student or Currently in the final year and confuse about what to do next then Visit - What to do after

Step 2 - Mathematics and Statistics for Data Scientist

It is the most important field in which you must be strong to become a data scientist. Some people think programming knowledge is most important but believe me, mathematics and statistics are way more important than that. 

There are certain topics in mathematics you should know. If you already know it then it's good but if you don't have that knowledge then you must learn it first. It is the most required thing for a Data Scientist. The topics that are important are given below.

  • Basics of Statistics
  • Knowledge about what really dy/dx is
  • Optimization and Gradient descent
  • Knowledge of plotting a simple graph in excel
  • Normal Distribution
These are the most required subjects in mathematics and statistics to be a data scientist in India. If you are searching for how to become a data scientist in India and are weak in these subjects, you have to make it strong first.

Step 3 - Programming Knowledge to Become a Data Scientist

If you think about becoming a data scientist in India then how can you ignore programming knowledge. You have to be good at programming to enter into the data science field. You need to learn some programming skills that are required for data science.

Programming is a very essential aspect of data science because with the help of programming skills a data scientist scrap data from a source, a process data, and then discover the pattern that is required for the domain in which they work.

First, you have to learn a programming language. There is mainly three programming language that you can learn to become a data scientist in India. These three programming languages are given below.

  1. Python
  2. R
  3. Scala
  4. Java Script
These are the programming language from which you should learn one to become a data scientist. If you ask me what is the best programming language for Data Science then according to me it is Python. I recommend you Python because it is easy to learn and it is very convenient for writing codes in Python. It is also the most trending programming language so if you learn this then you have a great opportunity not only in Data Science but in other fields.

Apart from the programming language, there are also some other programming skills, frameworks, and tools you should learn. These frameworks and tools are based on the programming language that you choose for the data science career. I am assuming you choose Python for that as it is the best option for you to become a data scientist. The following are the frameworks, tools, or other programming knowledge you should learn.

  • Numpy
  • Pandas
  • Matplotlib or Seaborn
  • Time Complexity from Algorithm
  • Learn One database(SQL, SQL lite, Mongo DB, etc.)

Step 4 - Learn Machine Learning and Deep Learning For Data Science

If you want to become a data scientist then you have to learn Machine Learning(ML) and Deep Learning(DL). Machine Learning and Deep Learning is a part of Data Science. During the implementation of data Science, you need ML and DL knowledge to solve it.

If you learn Machine Learning thoroughly then it may take 1 to 2 years but still, there is a chance you can't complete it. For data science, there are certain topics of Machine Learning that are important. You only have to learn these topics first then after becoming a Data Scientist you can learn the rest of the topics for better understanding. The topics that are important in Machine learning for Data Science are given below. 

  • Learn Sklearn
  • Learn to build a neural network in TensorFlow
  • Learn to use TensorFlow Hub
  • Learn to use TensorBoard
These are the minimum skills in Machine Learning you should learn. This is the most important step that you can focus on if you are searching for how to become a data scientist in India.

Step 5 - Big Data and External Data Visualisation Tools For Data Science

This step is optional but if you learn this then it is going to simplify your problem. No doubt you can handle Big data and Data Visualisation in Python. But when you learn and use some external tools for Big Data and Data Visualization then you can easily do that in less time compared with Python.

These tools are given below. You can learn these tools for better efficiency but the decision of learning it is totally up to you.

  • Tableau
  • Hadoop
  • Excel & VBA

Step 6 - Books and Resources for Data Science

You have to learn some of the skills that are given in this article and for that, you need some books and learning resources. For your shake, I list down some of the best recourses that are very helpful for you in the journey of becoming a Data Scientist in India.

Books For Data Science

Courses For Data Science

If you want to learn python for free, you can search for it on YouTube. There you can find a lot of good Python courses.

Apart from these courses if you want to do a separate data science course then you can do it from any institute that is offering this course.

Step 7 - Additional Skills and Personal Tips to Become a Data Scientist

There are some additional tips that you must learn in order to become a Data Scientist in India. These skills will definitely help you with your Data Scientist journey. I also share some personal tips that will help you to become a data Scientist faster.

  • Improve your Communicational Skills
  • Learn to Scrape websites to collect data
  • Visit Papers with code websites. Here you will find all the latest implementations of machine learning with source code - Click to Visit 
  • Keep eye on - Github Trending Repositories
  • Track latest Data Science News - Track
  • Gain Domain-specific knowledge. It will help you to get a job faster.

What Really Data Scientists do?

The Data Scientist Job is no doubt one of the trending jobs in the market right now but it comes with a lot of responsibility. They don't do a single work. They have to collect the raw data, Clean the raw data, Process the data, Analyze the data, visualize the data and present it to the seniors so that they can make strategies to improve their sales.

Future of Data Science in India 

There is a huge demand in the Data Science field in India right now. It is going to boom in the coming years as all the companies try to make a profit by increasing their sales with the help of Data Science. According to a report in the Times of India it is estimated that the future demand for data Scientists is going to increase by 62% in the upcoming years. So it is going to be a wise decision if you choose to become a data Science in India. According to Havard University, Data Scientist is the sexiest job of the 21st Century.

Salary of Data Scientist in India

It is one of the high-paying jobs in India. You have very good potential to earn a handsome amount of salary if you become a data scientist in India. The starting salary of a data scientist in India is 6 lakhs per annum. The average salary of a data scientist in India is around 9 to 10 lakhs per annum. If you gain experience in this field you can get a salary of more than 25 lakhs per year. This can a good motivational factor if you are searching for how to become a data scientist in India.


These are the steps that you must follow to become a data scientist in India. It may take you up to 1 year if you learn all the skills that are needed to become a data scientist in India. But if you already have learned the programming language then you can learn the rest skills within 6 months. I hope you get your answer to "How to Become a Data Scientist in India". Best of luck with your future career.


Q1. What is the demand for Data Scientists in India?

Ans - In these couple of years, the demand for data scientists are increased a lot in India. The demand is going to increase in India as every organization now shifting towards digital.

Q2. What is the salary of a fresher Data Scientist in India?

Ans - The fresher data scientist salary in India is in between 12 to 15 lakhs per annum.

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